Heart valve surgery is a technique for treating cardiovascular disease. Heart valve dysfunction entails not operating correctly on at least three of the four heart valves. Cardiac valves prevent the blood pumping into the heart in the right direction. The four valves are the tricuspid, pulmonary, mitral, and aortic valves. Each valve has flaps for the mitral and tricuspid valves and cusps for the aortic and pulmonary valves. During each heartbeat, those flaps open and close once. Valves that don’t properly open or close up interrupt blood flow to your body through your hands.
In cardiovascular surgery, the surgeon will fix or remove the heart valves concerned. Many surgical techniques may be used to repair or remove heart valves, including open-heart surgery or cardiac surgery, which is minimally invasive. The heart valve replacement cost in India is higher than other surgeries, so that the diagnosis will depend on many factors like age, fitness, heart valve function, and seriousness of your disease.
When do you need a heart valve replacement?
There are two main types of heart valve defects: a valve narrowing (Stenosis) and a valve leak causing blood to back up (Regurgitation). If you have any of these defects, it affects your heart’s capacity to pump blood; you may need heart valve surgery. Some clinical symptoms of heart valve disease may include:
- chest pain or palpitations (rapid rhythms or skips)
- shortness of breath
- trouble catching your breath
- exhaustion, weakness, or failure to sustain normal activity level
Your doctor will examine you to assess the medication best suited to your condition. If you have no signs or symptoms, or if your condition is mild, your doctor may suggest you monitor over time. In that situation, safe lifestyle changes and medications will help control symptoms
Your valve could eventually need to be repaired or replaced. Your doctor will discuss with you whether fixing or removing your heart valve is more suitable for your condition. Doctors also recommend reparation of the heart valve because it protects the heart valve and can protect heart function. But it is often essential to remove the valve and the best alternative.
Risks Potential risk of cardiac surgery
- heart attack
- Failure of the valve that causes replaced valves
- Abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
Life after surgery
You will be able to return to everyday activities, such as working, driving, and exercise, after heart valve surgery. When you will return to the tasks, the doctor can discuss it with you. You’ll need to take those drugs in general. You will need to attend daily follow-up appointments with your doctor. You may have multiple tests to determine the condition and to track it. Your doctor can advise you to make changes to a healthy lifestyle, including physical activity, a healthy diet, stress management, and tobacco use avoidance to keep your heart working well.
A fitness and exercise plan designed to help you recover from heart surgery and improve your physical and cardiovascular health could be prescribed by your doctor for you to participate in cardiac rehab. Since the heart valve treatment cost in India is high, care should be taken to take care of the house.