The lumbar spine, or low back, is a remarkably well-engineered structure of interconnecting bones, joints, nerves, ligaments, and muscles all working together to provide support, strength, and flexibility. However, this complex structure also leaves the low back susceptible to injury and pain.
The low back supports the weight of the upper body and provides mobility for everyday motions such as bending and twisting. Muscles in the low back are responsible for flexing and rotating the hips while walking, as well as supporting the spinal column. Nerves in the low back supply sensation and power the muscles in the pelvis, legs, and feet.
Low back pain can incorporate a wide variety of symptoms. It can be mild and merely annoying or it can be severe and debilitating. Low back pain may start suddenly, or it could start slowly—possibly coming and going—and gradually get worse over time.
Depending on the underlying cause of the pain, symptoms can be experienced in a variety of ways. For example:
In addition, symptoms of lower back pain are usually described by the type of onset and duration:
The common causes for the low back pain are;
The other conditions and causes that can develop low back pain includes;
The lumbar spine surgery is performed using either of the following technique;
Decompression : Lumbar spine decompression surgery is performed to relieve the pressure over nerves by removing the diseased discs, ligamentum flavum and bone which is pressing over the nerve. The surgery is generally recommended in cases of spinal stenosis caused by thickened joints, loosened ligaments, bony growths, or disc herniation i.e. there is not enough space for the nerves to breath.
The surgery entails removing a small portion of the bone over the nerve root and/or disc material from under the nerve root to give the nerve root more space and provide a better healing environment.
Various procedures used for Decompressing Lumbar spine are:
• Laminotomy or Laminectomy
• Port Hole Decompression
• Foraminotomy or Foraminectomy
• Osteophyte removal
Fusion : Lumbar fusion surgery is designed to create solid bone between the adjoining vertebrae, eliminating any movement between the involved bones. The goal of the surgery is to reduce pain and nerve irritation. During the surgery, diseased discs are excised and replaced with spacer device, pedicle screws and rods are attached to the back of the vertebra and an interbody fusion spacer is inserted into the disc space from one side of the spine.
Lumbar fusion surgery has two individual approaches. The most common process used is the posterior approach, where the surgery is done from the back. The three main Posterior fusion techniques are:
• Postero lateral gutter fusion surgery
• Posterior lumbar Interbody fusion (PLIF) surgery
• Transforaminal lumbar Interbody fusion (TLIF) surgery
The anterior approach involves placing the bone directly into the section between the vertebrae where the shock-absorption disc had been situated.
The complete length of the medical clinic remain required for the technique is 4-7 days and seven days to ten days around the local area before you can return. One can, by and large, come back to work or other typical exercises inside five to about a month and a half of the medical procedure. An aggregate of about fourteen days is required for Lumbar Spine Surgery in India.
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The expense of Lumbar spine surgery in India differs with the sort of strategy picked, the decision of valve, specialist, office and the city where you complete the medical procedure. The Lumbar spine surgery cost in India begins from around USD 6,000 and relies on different elements.
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